(DOTS) How to slowly rotate an object to face a point?

I’m currently learning ECS, and would like my objects to be able to rotate to face a point (IE: a turret turning to face the player). This is what I have currently:

A component that marks the entity as rotatable and stores related values:

``````using Unity.Entities;
using Unity.Mathematics;
[GenerateAuthoringComponent]
public struct Rotateable : IComponentData
{
public RotationType rotationType;
public float rotationSpeed;
public bool hasTarget;
public quaternion rotationTarget;
}
``````

A system which either automatically snaps the entity to the new rotation or rotates slowly (enum is smooth or snap)

``````        Entities.ForEach((ref Rotation rot, in Rotateable rotateable) =>
{
var target = rotateable.rotationTarget;
var speed = rotateable.rotationSpeed;
var type = rotateable.rotationType;

if (rot.Value.Equals(target)) return;

if (type == RotationType.snapToPoint)
{
//snap to rotation
rot.Value = target;
}
else
{
if (!rot.Value.Equals(target))
{
//rotate at rotationSpeed to match needed angle
var delta = quaternion.RotateX(math.radians(speed * dt));
var step = math.mul(target, delta);
rot.Value = math.mul(step, rot.Value);// FIRST ATTEMPT (get errors)
}
}
}).Schedule();
``````

And lastly is a temporary targeting system that generates a random target for rotatable (which I just realized is spelled wrong

``````rng.NextInt();
var rngTemp = rng;
Entities.ForEach((ref Rotateable rot, in Translation trans) =>
{
var newTarget = new float3();
newTarget.x = rngTemp.NextInt(5);
newTarget.y = rngTemp.NextInt(5);
newTarget.z = rngTemp.NextInt(5);

if (!rot.hasTarget)
{
rot.rotationTarget = quaternion.LookRotation(newTarget - trans.Value, new float3(0, 1, 0));
rot.hasTarget = true;
}
}
).Schedule();
this.CompleteDependency();
``````

I’ve mostly been experimenting to see what works, as I’m still new to ECS. I’d troubleshoot it myself, but I’m getting fun and descriptive errors like

“Invalid AABB a”

“Invalid AABB aabb”

“Assertion failed on expression: ‘IsFinite(d)’”

I’m not afraid to admit I’m completely lost on this. My current best guess is it has something to do with either

A, the targeting system improperly making quaternions

B, the physics bodies spazzing out when I try to set Rotation.Value

C, my smooth rotation equation being wrong

Any help would be greatly appreciated!

EDIT: I’ve gone through some troubleshooting, and it appears the errors are from PhysicsBody spazzing out from changing Rotation.Value. I’m working on rotating my entities with the built in PhysicsVelocity Component

I fixed it!
Changing rotation.Value does cause the PhysicsBody to spaz out, so that was removed.

I wanted my units to move like turrets (lower body is stationary or moves and rotates about Y axis toward a point, upper body rotates about Y axis, weapon rotates about Z axis), so I replaced the target Rotation with a target Position the turret would face. Since everything rotates on one of two axis, I set up an enum to tell the difference between up-down and left-right rotation.

To find the up-down angle, I used

``````math.atan2(pos.y - target.y, math.distance(pos.x - target.x, pos,z - target.z));
``````

which I think works, but I’ll need to test more once I have a proper targeting system in place.

to find my current up-down angle, I used

``````QuaternionExtensions.ComputeZAngle(rot.Value);
``````

I used The QuaternionExtensions class, which I had to copy from WAYNGROUP on github.

I interpolated the other direction the same way. I then applied rotation using the Physicsbody based on whether or not the angle of the target was larger or shorter than the current angle. It’s a bit janky once it gets near the intended rotation value, but it works for now.