How to create an animated arrow and flow for a Jet Engine simulation?

I wanted to get a tutorial on Shader Graph on how to do this…

This is what am trying to replicate:

Texture3D

I suggest you try to write the simulation result to a Texture3D asset and use that as base input data for static visualization.

Unity - Manual: 3D textures

VFX Graph

Or if you need that to be animated then you could use some combination of SDF and Vector Field files to draw particles (or trails) moving through these pre-baked fields.

Vector Field Force | Visual Effect Graph | 15.0.6

Vector Fields / Signed Distance Fields | Visual Effect Graph | 15.0.6