# Proper way to calculate world position ---> depth value

If I have access to the world position in a shader…what is the proper way to calculate its depth so that it can later be compared to the scene depth?

Right now I am doing:

`depth = distance(worldPosition,_WorldSpaceCameraPos) / _ProjectionParams.z`

Is this correct? Doing this:

`LinearEyeDepth(depth,_ZBufferParams);`

Is not giving me the results I expect, so I am doing something wrong.

I solved this by just reconstructing the world position for the depth value/scene depth and comparing them that way

The distance between the surface and the camera is the distance between the surface and the camera, not the depth. The depth is the distance from the camera to the view plane that point on the surface is on.

That’s also different from the non-linear depth that’s in the depth buffer & camera depth texture, which is different from the “linear 01” depth, which is different from the linear (aka linear eye) depth.

The way you get the linear depth from a world position, is by converting a world space into view space and getting the negative z, like this:

``````float linearDepth = -UnityWorldToViewPos(worldPostion).z;
``````

Negative z, because a quirk of the OpenGL style view matrix Unity uses is that forward is negative Z.

If you want to get the value that’s equivalent to what’s in the depth texture, you need to convert the world position into clip space.

``````float4 clipPos = UnityWorldToClipPos(worldPosition);
float depth = clipPos.z / clipPos.w;
``````

As a quirk of how projection matrices work, `clipPos.w` is equal to the `linearDepth` above, if you have a perspective camera.

But, depending on what exactly you’re doing, comparing the `linearDepth` value from the above to the `LinearEyeDepth(sceneDepth)` is probably your best bet.

One side note, you used the SRP form of the `LinearEyeDepth` function that also takes the _ZBufferParams as an input. If you’re writing this for one of the SRPs, you should use `-TransformWorldToView(worldPostion).z` instead of the above function. Both functions are equivalent to:

``````mul(UNITY_MATRIX_V, float4(worldPosition, 1.0))
``````
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Thanks for the detailed response. The way I “solved” this was a little hacky and does this barely good enough. I will try to implement what youve posted.

I cannot thank you enough for this answer. I’ve trying all sort of maths to evaluate the depth. In my last attempt, I was trying to project the (vertex world position - camera world position) vector into the camera direction vector and use the magnitude of the projected vector as the depth (obviously remapping from (near, far) to (1, 0)), and it looked good but was not perfect in every single pixel, but your answer just made it all clear.

Sorry to necropost, but I can’t find anything about `UnityWorldToViewPos` in the docs. This seems to be exactly what I need to solve one of my own problems, though.

If you use SRP you need to use TransformWorldToView

i saw many replies of your and they were really helpful, i’m making a raytracing algorithm for the Quest2 and thanks to you i was able to complete it, thank you even now!